131st Birth Anniversary of Dr. S.R. Ranganathan, Father of Library Science, India, 2023.
Dr. S.R. Ranganathan, full name Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan, was a renowned Indian librarian and mathematician who is often referred to as the “Father of Library Science in India.” He was born on August 12, 1892, in Shiyali, Tamil Nadu, India. Ranganathan made significant contributions to the field of library science, particularly in the areas of library classification and cataloging.
Here is a brief overview of his achievements and contributions:
Colon Classification System: Ranganathan developed the Colon Classification System, a systematic method for classifying and organizing library materials. This system was based on the principles of facet analysis, which allowed for a more flexible and precise categorization of various subjects.
Five Laws of Library Science: Ranganathan formulated the Five Laws of Library Science, which serve as guiding principles for library professionals. These laws emphasize the user’s needs, the importance of facilitating access to information, and the continuous improvement of library services.
Profound Impact: Ranganathan’s innovative ideas and theories had a profound impact on modern library practices. His contributions laid the foundation for modern information organization, retrieval, and dissemination.
Education and Advocacy: He played a crucial role in promoting library education and advocating for the professionalization of library services in India. He established library science education programs and worked towards raising awareness about the importance of libraries in education and research.
Published Works: Ranganathan authored several books and articles on library science, including “Prolegomena to Library Classification” and “Theory of Library Catalogue.” His writings continue to be studied and referenced by library professionals worldwide.
International Recognition: Ranganathan’s contributions were not limited to India; he gained international recognition for his work in library science. He was instrumental in shaping the development of libraries and information services globally.
Legacy: S.R. Ranganathan’s legacy continues to influence the field of library and information science. His innovative concepts and principles remain relevant as libraries adapt to evolving technological advancements and changing information needs.
On August 12, 2023, the birth anniversary of S.R. Ranganathan will be celebrated to honor his enduring contributions to the field of library science and his dedication to advancing knowledge organization, access, and dissemination.